Salt March, also called Dandi March or Salt Satyagraha, major nonviolent protest action in India led by Mohandas (Mahatma) Gandhi in March–April 1930.The 24-day march lasted from 12 March 1930 to 6 April 1930 as a direct action campaign of tax resistance and nonviolent protest against the British salt monopoly. An act of civil disobedience led by Mohandas Gandhi to protest British rule in India. During the march, thousands of Indians followed Gandhi from his religious retreat near Ahmedabad to the Arabian Sea coast.
While the Non-Co-Operation Movement was built on the lines of non violent non co operation, the essence of The Civil Disobedience Movement was defying of the British laws. The Salt March was a collective beginning of a mass resistance movement against the British tyranny.The Salt March got national and international recognition and shook the Britishers with its non-violent nature.The March that began in March with around 80 people, but as more and more people joined in, it grew into a strong force of more than half a million people and have a boost to all Indians towards the Indian Independence Movement.
On April 6, 1930, 61-year-old Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi picked up a lump of salt and proclaimed, “With this, I am shaking the foundations of the British Empire.” Mass civil disobedience spread throughout India as millions broke the salt laws by making salt or buying illegal salt.Over 60,000 Indians were jailed as a result of the Salt Satyagraha. However, Gandhi was arrested on the midnight of 4–5 May 1930 only to be released on 26th January 1931. Mahatma Gandhi had a long-standing commitment to nonviolent civil disobedience, which he termed satyagraha, as the basis for achieving Indian sovereignty and self-rule .